Unit 3 Assignment 1- Erica Harris

“Banality of Evil” 

 https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2011/aug/29/hannah-arendt-adolf-eichmann-banality-of-evil (link applies to 1-6) 

  1. Arendt created the phrase “banality of evil” after seeing Adolf Eichmann’s trial after the Holocaust. 
  2. The crime committed needed to have a new legal approach because current law was not enough. 
  3. Wanted to understand the unpreceded crimes and how they go against humanity 
  4. Agreed with the final verdict of a death sentence 
  5. Focused on failure to think 
  6. The trial focused more on collective guilt instead of the specific crimes he committed 

https://aeon.co/ideas/what-did-hannah-arendt-really-mean-by-the-banality-of-evil (applies to 7-10) 

7. Eichmann was thoughtless and did evil things

8. Was not evil himself because he did not think separately from others 

9. The theory was controversial because how could he play a role in a genocide without being evil? 

10. Many people criticized her for what she wrote about the trial 

The Origins of Totalitarianism 

https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/monkey-cage/wp/2016/12/17/how-hannah-arendts-classic-work/ (applies to 1-10) 

  1. Published in 1951 based on research done during the 1940s    
  2. Totalitarianism both in Germany and Russia 
  3. Focused on totalitarianism and gave accounts of concentration and death camps 
  4. Says how tyranny can arise and inhumanity follows 
  5. The origins (not causes) of totalitarianism after World War I and the Great Depression  
  6. There are many elements but totalitarianism is not predictable 
  7. How the elements led to something so inhumane and horrific in the 1940s 
  8. Political systems were broken down after World War I
  9. How suspicion over current politics forced human rights into the background 
  10. At the beginning of the book, focused on how human dignity needs to be a focus 

Adolf Eichmann 

https://www.britannica.com/biography/Adolf-Eichmann (applies to 1-8) 

  1. German official hanged in Israel 
  2. Joined the Nazi party and rose in rank 
  3. Sent to Austria and Prague to force all Jews out 
  4. Organized transportation around Europe to concentration camps, became chief executioner 
  5. Was captured by the United States, but escaped
  6. Eventually caught by Israeli Secret Service in Argentina 
  7. Was tried in Jerusalem and he denied responsibility 
  8. Was hanged in 1962 

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