The early modern view of “the connected world” (ch. 2) is an example of a large-scale conceptual scheme. See if you can describe this worldview in your own words. Are there any parts of it still present in contemporary science? (See p. 38 for some suggestions—try to expand on these or come up with your own examples.)
“The connected world” means everything has a cause and effect that has an impact on another thing. From the soil on the ground to the planets, everything has an effect on something else. There are still some aspects of “the connected world” that are seen today, especially in science. One example is water temperature and weather patterns. When the water temperature increases, it causes more weather disruptions such as hurricanes in the Atlantic Ocean. Another example is more carbon in the atmosphere, and the health of coral reefs. Humans are releasing more carbon into the atmosphere through burning fossil fuels, which causes the ocean to become more acidic. With a change in ocean pH, coral bleaching is occurring which results in the death of many of the reefs. It is unclear if everything is connected in the universe, but there are many causes and effects that impact another aspect of science. If something happens to one thing, it may have a small impact on something else, or it may result in a large problem such as rising water temperatures and ocean acidification.
The book mentions how there are “hidden qualities” (pages 28-29) that connect the world together. Is science based on trying to find these qualities, or do we see them as coincidences that we can dismiss?