Question 1 (9.6)
While 9.7 argues that a “weak relativism” is beneficial to follow, 9.6 explains why the conceptual scheme of “strong relativism” is not the best way to think. Strong relativists believe that if two conceptual schemes contradict, they both cannot be true. When looking at languages, they see that two translations can never have the same meaning. While one translation may seem true one of the languages, it cannot be true in the other. However, this kind of rationale is not always the best because there can be multiple truths. Many conceptual schemes have different truths, so there is not always one truth to everything. This relativism does not make much sense because two rationals can work together and do not have to be in conflict with each other. In 9.7, the authors explain why a “weak relativism” is better to follow because there can be multiple truths instead of just one like what “strong relativism” believes.
If there are different truths, how can people determine what is right?
Throughout the unit, we talked about truths and how there can be multiple. There is never one truth because people may have different conceptual schemes and rationals. I was confused about how if we have so many different truths, is there ever a way to tell if something is right. In science, things can be tested to determine what they mean. However, the results may not always be completely right and people may disagree about it. It does not make sense how we determine what is right in the world when we have so many different opinions and truths about a topic. We may not agree on what is right. We may just agree on things such as laws or findings because the majority of people think it is right even when our “truths” do not agree with it. However, I was just wondering if there could ever be a way to determine completely what is right in a certain situation.