Banality of Evil & Adolf Eichmann Research – Reem Fakhoury

  • Adolf Eichmann was a member of the Nazi Party, and as time progressed he made his way up through the hierarchy of the party.
  • Eichmann was responsible for the assembly, transportation, and also the identification of Jews all over Europe, until they reached concentration camps.
  • Eichmann escaped from a prison camp and took refuge into the Middle East, he was then arrested by the Israeli secret service near Buenos Aires, Argentina.
  • Eichmann was then transported to Israel to be convicted, he was placed in front of a three judge court. It’s said that his trial was extremely controversial from the beginning.

  • Eichmann was “one of the most pivotal actors in the implementation of the “Final Solutions” ”
  • Eichmann was charged with managing and facilitating the deportation of Jews to concentration camps and ghettos.
  • He was also considered a major organizer of the holocaust as he controlled all of the transportation of Jews.
  • Mossad agents, seized Eichmann from outside his home, and then brought him to Israel. It was considered a kidnapping and then proceeded to an international incident due to Argentina protesting as a violation of their sovereign rights.
  • Eichmann was also charged with membership in criminal organizations. Such as, Storm Troopers, Security Service, and Gestapo which were all considered criminal organizations during the verdict of the Nuremberg Trial.
  • On June 1st, 1962, Eichmann was executed by hanging. Eichmanns death sentences was the only time Israel has enacted the death sentence.

  • The Banality of Evil, something Arendt believes is directly reflected in Eichmann. Banality of Evil meaning, “the dilemma between the unspeakable horror of the deeds and the undeniable ludicrousness of the man who perpetrated them.”

  • Banality of Evil, doing Evil without being Evil?
  • Eichmann is considered the Banality of Evil because of his continuous claims around being unaware as to what he was doing, in a sense of disengagement .
  • Additionally, Arendt says that Eichmann was not inherently evil, this was just a task he was invoke din in which he was unaware of.

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