Unit 2 Assignment 3 by Skylar McVicar

Option 2:

Unfortunately, modern political discourse is filled with incivility and immorality because individuals act selfishly to pursue self-interest. Many political figures use bullshit as a vehicle of deception to control the masses and further a specific political agenda. According to Frankfurt’s “On Bullshit”, bullshit is “deceptive misrepresentation”(Frankfurt, 118) and is used in a “deliberate”(Frankfurt, 118) manner. Taking this definition of bullshit, one can assume that bullshit is intentional. In that case, the line between lying and bullshitting blurs as both lying and bullshiting are ways to convey incorrect information. If contemporary discourse relies on these tactics to disperse intelligence, then the people are not receiving accurate and truthful information in order to make educated decisions. Since bullshit is obviously unethical, we must brainstorm effective ways to reduce the amount of bullshit in contemporary discourse. As citizens, we must fact check our information by using multiple sources and reading from all different perspectives. Limiting ourselves to only one biased source ensures that we only hear a single narrative, thus allowing us to succumb to bullshit. If people monitor the news, they will gain the necessary knowledge to call-out public figures when catching a bluff. Not only are the people responsible for catching bullshit, but public figures must also be held accountable for spewing bullshit. When they speak or write, public figures should think about the information they would want to receive and give the correct information in return.

Option 3:

In relation to Unit 1 and our discussions about equality, how does our perception of reality introduced in Unit 2 affect our ability to understand the struggles of people in other socio-economic classes and to effectively implement change? I am asking this because Unit 1 assumes that we are all able to imagine the hardships of others, even if that is not our reality. However, in Unit 2, we studied Plato’s “Allegory of the Cave” which emphasizes the limits placed on the imagination by the reality in which we were raised. A potential answer is that we are unable to perceive other people’s reality until we actively engage with that person and his/her community.

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