Unit 3 Assignment 1 by Grace Gardella

Hannah Arendt

Born 1906 in Germany, died 1944 in New York

Political scientist and philosopher

Born in Germany, moved to Paris, fled to the United States

https://www.britannica.com/biography/Hannah-Arendt

The Origins of Totalitarianism

Written by Arendt (published 1951)

Analyzes Nazi/Stalinist regimes and works to understand the causes of totalitarianism

https://plato.stanford.edu/entries/arendt/

Totalitarianism definition: a form of government that limits individual freedoms and gives power/authority to the state

https://www.britannica.com/topic/totalitarianism

Arendt’s definition of totalitarianism: the “outcome of disintegration of the traditional nation-state”

https://www.britannica.com/biography/Hannah-Arendt

“Banality of Evil”

Can be understood as “insight into the commonplace motives of perpetrators of evil”

Revolutionary idea: individual humans responsible for acts of evil are “mundane”, not “demonic”

However, Arendt is not trying to understate the tragedy of the Holocaust

https://www.brainpickings.org/2017/02/07/hannah-arendt-the-banality-of-evil/

Eichmann in Jerusalem

Report published in 1963 by Arendt

1961- attends trial of Eichman as a reporter working for The New Yorker https://plato.stanford.edu/entries/arendt/

Critics thought that Arendt’s report on Eichmann was too lenient

https://www.britannica.com/biography/Hannah-Arendt

Adolf Eichmann

Nazi war criminal

Organized/led deportation of Jews to be killed at concentration camps

Trial was in Israel. Found guilty in 1961.

Hanged in 1962

https://encyclopedia.ushmm.org/content/en/article/adolf-eichmann

Leave a Reply